Japanese 4-Letter Idioms 5

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四字熟語 (yo-ji-juku-go) are four-letter idioms. These are different from words that are made up of four characters. Don't forget to take the quiz to see if you understand them!

Yojijukugo Idioms 5 Quiz!

Before you take the test, lets study some new idioms




半死半生
(hanshihanshō)
half dead half alive

half dead half alive"

kanjiromajimeaning
hanhalf
shideath
hanhalf
sholife

車に当てられた鹿は、半死半生になっていた
kuruma ni aterareta shika wa, hanshihanshou ni natte ita
The deer that was struck by the car was half dead


意気消沈
(ikishouchin)
disheartened, bad spirit

disheartened, bad spirit"

kanjiromajimeaning
iidea, though
kispirit, mind
shouextinguish, off
chinsink

ペットのハムスターが死んで、意気消沈している
petto no hamusutaa ga shinde, ikishouchin shiteiru
I am disheartened by the death of my pet hamster


古今東西
(kokontōzai)
all time and places

all time and places"

kanjiromajimeaning
koold
konnow
east
西zaiwest

古今東西、誰もが欲しがるものがある
kokontouzai daremo ga hoshigaru mono ga aru
All times and places, everyone wants something


一日千秋
(ichijitsusenshou)
impatiently waiting, feels like forever

impatiently waiting, feels like forever"

kanjiromajimeaning
ichione
jitsuday
senthousand
shouautumn

一日千秋の思いで、彼女がくるまで待った
ichijitsusenshou no omoi de, kanojo ga kuru made matta
It felt like forever, waiting for her to come


立身出世
(risshinshusse)
success in life

success in life"

kanjiromajimeaning
ristand
sshinperson
shuleave
ssegeneration, world

将来大統領になって、立身出世したい
shourai daitouryou ni natte, risshinshusse shitai
I want to become present and have success in life


九死一生
(kyūshiisshō)
narrowly avoiding death, nine out of ten chance of dying

narrowly avoiding death, nine out of ten chance of dying"

kanjiromajimeaning
kyuunine
shideath
ione
sshoulife

九死一生の危機で、助かった
kyuushi isshou no kiki de, tasukatta
I narrowly avoided a crisis and was saved


単刀直入
(tantōchokunyū)
straight to the point

straight to the point"

kanjiromajimeaning
tansimple
sword
chokustraight, honest
nyūenter

単刀直入で悪いが、君は誰だ?
tantouchokunyuu de waruiga, kimi wa dare da?
Lets get straight to the point, who are you?


全力投球
(zenryokutōkyū)
throwing as hard as one can

throwing as hard as one can"

kanjiromajimeaning
zenwhole
ryokupower
throw
kyūball

全力投球の勢いで、ボールを投げた
zenryoku toukyuu no ikioi de, bo-ru o nageta
I threw the ball with all my might


一念発起
(ichinenhokki)
wholehearted intentions

wholehearted intentions"

kanjiromajimeaning
ichione
nenwish
hodepart, emit
kkiwake up, get up

タバコを一念発起してやめた
tabako o ichinenhokki shite yameta
I wholeheartedly quit tobacco


一宿一飯
(isshukuippan)
given favor of a night and a meal

given favor of a night and a meal"

kanjiromajimeaning
ione
宿sshukulodging
ione
ppanmeal

大変な時なのに、この一宿一飯の恩義の恩義は忘れません
taihen na toki na noni, kono isshukuippan no ongi no ongi wa wasuremasen
I won't forget this favor because it was a difficult time

Yojijukugo Idioms 5 Quiz!