Japanese 4-Letter Idioms 3

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四字熟語 (yo-ji-juku-go) are four-letter idioms. These are different from words that are made up of four characters. Let's go over some of the most common yojijukugo, and take a quiz to see if you understand them!

Yojijukugo Idioms 3 Quiz!

Before you take the test, lets study some new idioms




事実無根
(jijitsu mukon)
groundless, false

groundless, false

kanjiromajimeaning
jithing
jitsutruth
munone
konroot

この噂は事実無根だ。
Kono uwasa wa jijitsumukon da.
This rumor is groundless.


自由自在
(jiyuu jizai)
unrestricted, in control

unrestricted, in control

kanjiromajimeaning
jioneself
yuureason
jioneself
zaiexist

自由自在にロボットを動かせる。
Jiyūjizai ni robotto o ugokaseru
This robot can be moved freely.


小春日和
(koharu biyori)
late autumn weather, nice day

late autumn weather, nice day

kanjiromajimeaning
kosmall
haruspring
biday
yoriharmony

今日は小春日和で、Tシャツだけでも大丈夫だ。
Kyō wa koharubiyori de, tīshatsu dake demo daijōbu da.
Today is a beautiful late autumn weather, and it's fine with just a T-shirt.


興味津々
(kyoumi shinshin)
very interesting

very interesting

kanjiromajimeaning
kyouentertain
miflavor
shinport
shin(repeat marker)

新しい技術に興味津々だ。
Atarashii gijutsu ni kyōmishinshin da
I am very interested in the new technology.


問答無用
(mondou muyou)
no use in arguing

no use in arguing

kanjiromajimeaning
monquestion
dousolution
munothing
youuse

先生のいう事は問答無用だ。
Sensei no iu koto wa mondō muyō da.
There's no use in arguing with what the teacher says.


二人三脚
(ninin sankyaku)
two people, three-legged race, cooperation

two people, three-legged race, cooperation

kanjiromajimeaning
nitwo
ninpeople
santhree
kyakulegs

二人三脚でこの問題を解こう。
Nininsankyaku de kono mondai o hodoko u.
Let's work together and solve this problem.


才色兼備
(shishoku kenbi)
a woman, or person, with both beauty and intelligence

a woman, or person, with both beauty and intelligence

kanjiromajimeaning
saigenius
shokucolors
kenconcurrent
biequip

あの人は美人なお医者さんで、才色兼備だ。
Ano hito wa bijin nao isha san de, saishokukenbi da
That person is a beautiful doctor, she has both beauty and intelligence.


正々堂々
(seisei doudou)
fair and square

fair and square

kanjiromajimeaning
seicorrect
sei-
doupublic
dou-

正々堂々戦おう。
Seiseidōdō tatakao u.
Let's fight fair and square.


四苦八苦
(shiku hakku)
the four and eight kinds of suffering; in dire distress

the four and eight kinds of suffering; in dire distress

kanjiromajimeaning
shifour
kusuffer
haeight
kkusuffer

四苦八苦しても、頑張る。
Shikuhakku shi te mo, ganbaru.
Even if I'm in distress, I will fight on.


手前味噌
(temae miso)
one's own homemade miso, self flattening

one's own homemade miso, self flattening

kanjiromajimeaning
tehand
maefront
miflavor
sopaste

建設の事なら手前味噌だ。
Kensetsu no koto nara temaemiso da.
If it's about construction, leave it up to me.