Japanese 4-Letter Idioms 1

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四字熟語 (yo-ji-juku-go) are four-letter idioms. These are different from words that are made up of four characters. Let's go over some of the most common yojijukugo, and take a quiz to see if you understand them!

Yojijukugo Idioms 1 Quiz!

Before you take the test, lets study some new idioms




悪戦苦闘
(akusen kuto)
fighting, struggling hard

fighting, struggling hard

kanjiromajimeaning
akubad
senwar
kusuffer
toufight

英語の宿題に悪戦苦闘する。
Eigo no shukudai ni akusenkutō suru.
I fight hard with the English homework.


八方美人
(happou bijin)
a beautiful woman, or person, inside and out

a beautiful woman, or person, inside and out

kanjiromajimeaning
haeight
pouway
bibeauty
jinperson

優しくて綺麗で、あの人は八方美人だ。
Yasashiku te kirei de, ano hito wa happōbijin da
That person is nice and pretty, beautiful inside and out.


一期一会
(ichigo ichie)
once in a lifetime meeting

once in a lifetime meeting

kanjiromajimeaning
ichione
goperiod
ichione
emeeting

君と巡り合えたのは、一期一会だ。
Kimi to meguriae ta no wa, ichigoichie da.
Our meeting was a once in a lifetime opportunity.


一生懸命
(isshoukenmei)
with a lot of effort

with a lot of effort

kanjiromajimeaning
ione
sshoulife
kendepend
meifate

一生懸命、心を込めて作りました。
Isshōkenmei, kokoro o kome te tsukuri mashi ta.
I worked really hard, and put my heart into what I made.


残念無念
(zannen munen)
disappointment

disappointment

kanjiromajimeaning
zanremainder
nenwish
munothing
nenwish

今日の試合に負けたのは、残念無念。
Kyō no shiai ni make ta no wa, zannen munen
It was a disappointment we lost today's game.


三日坊主
(mikka bouzu)
monk for three days, gives up easily

monk for three days, gives up easily

kanjiromajimeaning
mithree
kkaday
bouboy
zulord

習い事も三日坊主じゃうまくならない。
Naraigoto mo mikkabōzu ja umaku nara nai.
I won't get better with my studies if I'm a quitter.


自給自足
(jikyuu jisoku)
self sufficient

self sufficient

kanjiromajimeaning
jioneself
kyuusalary
jioneself
sokuleg

田舎で自給自足の生活をはじめたい。 
Inaka de jikyūjisoku no seikatsu o hajime tai.
I want to start living in a rural area and be self sufficient.


弱肉強食
(jakuniku kyoushoku)
survival of the fittest

survival of the fittest

kanjiromajimeaning
jaweak
nikumeat
kyoustrong
shokueat

弱肉強食の世界で、生きていけるかな?
Jakunikukyōshoku no sekai de, iki te ikeru ka na?
Can I live in this world of the survival of the fittest?


意気投合
(ikitougou)
mutual understanding

mutual understanding

kanjiromajimeaning
iidea
kispirit
touthrow
goufit

来週の予定の事で、意気投合した。
Raishū no yotei no koto de, ikitōgō shi ta.
We are in agreement for our plans next week.


波乱万丈
(haran)
lots of drama

lots of drama

kanjiromajimeaning
hawave
ranriot
banten thousand
jyoulength

つまらない人生より、波乱万丈な人生がいい。
Tsumaranai jinsei yori, haranbanjō na jinsei ga ii.
I'd rather have a life full of drama than a boring life.